||megujulo energiaforras (mind)
|| 113 sor
|| 106 sor
||Meghivo: Kornyezetvedelmi Internet Muhely (Fold Napja) (mind)
|| 102 sor
|+ - ||megujulo energiaforras (mind)
Mostanaban volt egy vita megujulo energia forrasok alkalmazhatosagarol.
Itt van egy pelda, hogy hogyan lehet csirkeuruleket hasznositani energia
Gondolom sok gondolatot, szelsosegeset es erzelmit is ebreszt majd
bennetek. Ne kimeljetek!
FEATURE - Power from poultry dung to make its mark in Europe
EYE, England, March 10 (Reuter)
It lacks the wholesome
appeal of sun, sea and wind, but Simon Fraser's renewable energy
business is starting to give off the sweet smell of success.
The British businessman's unusual power stations turn a
foul-smelling agricultural menace -- poultry dung -- into
electricity by a combustion process he says benefits both
environment and balance sheet.
His Fibrowatt company plans to build a string of plants
across Europe through local joint ventures to help satisfy the
continent's growing appetite for clean, green power.
``Wherever there's poultry, there's a great future,'' said
Richard Parker, manager of a 12.7 MegaWatt (MW) power station
fuelled by chicken and turkey dung at Eye, a village 120 km (75
miles) northeast of London.
``We've had visitors from Ireland, eastern Europe, Thailand,
India, everywhere, asking how we do it.''
Fibrowatt is carrying out a 115 million pound ($243
million) expansion in Italy and plans further plants in France,
Germany and Ireland. The Fibrowatt chairman and his minority
U.S. partners are also targeting Asia, already the source of a
steady stream of enquiries from like-minded entrepreneurs, and
the United States.
The Eye plant, the world's first commercial electricity
generating power station that burns poultry litter, makes enough
power for 12,500 homes. It uses 130,000 tonnes of litter a year
taken from 12.5 million chickens at 100 nearby broiler farms --
enough waste, Fibrowatt says, to cover 25 soccer pitches to a
height of two metres (seven feet).
Chicken litter is normally stored in the open air to be used
in the plouging season as manure. It causes a bad stench, the
leaching of nitrates and other pollutants into the water supply,
and damages the atmosphere by releasing methane.
``We are almost immune from the 'Not In My Back Yard'
syndrome -- certainly more immune than other types of renewable
technology,'' said Rupert Fraser, managing director and Simon
``We are able to demonstrate to local communities that our
plants are beneficial to the environment because they take away
piles of manure from the roadside and reduce levels of noxious
NO WASTE AND A FERTILISER BY-PRODUCT
The company says its stations' emissions of carbon dioxide
and equivalent ``greenhouse'' gasses are 25 percent of those
produced by a similar-sized coal-fired plant. The process
generates no waste products and instead produces commercially
marketable ash fertiliser.
Fibrowatt also has a 13.5 MW plant at Glanford 180 km (110
miles) further north. Its third British plant, a 38.5 MW, 69
million pound ($111 million) project under contruction at
Thetford, west of Eye, will be Europe's largest generator of
electricity from biomass combustion.
U.S. firm Catamount Energy, a unit of Central Vermont Public
Service Corp <CV.N>, has taken 44 percent ownership of the
Thetford project which is expected to open by July 1998.
Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd, a unit of U.S. energy engineering
giant Foster Wheeler Corp <FWC.N>, has a 20 percent stake in
Fibrowatt, a link-up analysts say has helped Fraser raise the
total 116.5 million pounds ($188 million) to pay for its three
The power stations have long term contracts for litter
supplies and subsidised electricity sales lasting for their
financing periods under a government programme aimed at
promoting renewable energy.
Fraser says that by the time the subsidies for Eye and
Glanford are lifted in December 1998 they will be able to trade
profitably by taking advantage of the deregulation of Britain's
electricty market set to take place in April 1998.
Fibrowatt is banking on the likelihood that businesses will
want to advertise they are using green energy and will pay more
for its supply. Other European Union countries are expected to
deregulate electricity markets in the next decade.
In Italy, Fibrowatt has been awarded electricity supply
contracts for its three planned plants at Venice, Verona and
Cesena under joint venture arrangements with state-owned utility
Enel <ENEI.CN>, and has signed contracts with 800 chicken
farmers for the supply of litter.
Fibrowatt sees good opportunities in France because poultry
farmers there are under pressure from water authorities to clean
up nitrate pollution from droppings.
Biomass forms only a small part of the renewable energy
programme in Britain and Fibrowatt acknowledges its plants are
probably viable only in areas of high poultry production. Its
three plants will have total capacity of 65 MW, a fraction of
Britain's peak demand of 48,800 MW.
But Britain plans to have 1,500 MW of new renewables-based
generation capacity by the year 2000. Over 428 MW of capacity is
already on stream as a result of state promotion of renewable
Fibrowatt has yet to rival wind and solar power for
environmental correctness -- largely because its process relies
on the product of intensive agriculture. But experts say the
project is commendable because it diversifies the location of
power production and uses up waste, a key aim of renewables.
Eye people say the plant has been a good neighbour and is
welcome as a green business.
``The people of Eye are not all that affected by it,'' said
Mayor Merlin Carr. ``From time to time the breeze carries a kind
of musty smell over villages to the north. But Fibrowatt have
worked pretty hard to get things right with local people.''
|+ - ||meadows-rovat (mind)
A WEEK TO KICK THE TV HABIT
I can just see, ten or twenty years from now, a series of lawsuits that finally
force executives of a few immensely profitable companies to admit that their
product is addictive. They have always known that their business damages
people and society. They manipulate its content to make it even more
habit-forming and destructive. And they aim it at kids.
No, not tobacco executives. TV executives.
Television is so much a part of our lives that we rarely step back and reflect
on what it does to us. A new organization called TV-Free America offers us an
annual opportunity to do that. Inspired by the Smoke-Out Days that give
cigarette addicts a boost toward kicking their habit, TV-Free America holds a
National TV-Turnoff week every April. This year it runs from April 24 through
If you wonder why on earth you should give up a week of "Oprah," "Seinfeld" and
the news, TV-Free America's spring newsletter is full of cartoons, essays, and
letters to give pause to the most devoted tube-head.
There's an ad from the American Heart Association showing a road sign with an
icon of a kid slumped in front of a TV. "Caution: Children Not at Play," it
says. "Once, children spent their time running and playing. Today they're
more likely to be found in front of the TV. And that could mean trouble.
Because lack of exercise can lead to weight problems and high blood
cholesterol. This April 24-30 celebrate National TV-Turnoff Week by becoming
more active with your kids."
A Calvin and Hobbes cartoon shows the TV set jumping and blaring while Calvin's
father sits and watches. "Next on Eyewitness Action News! Blood-spattered
sidewalks and shroud-covered bodies!" yells the TV. "Could the next victim be
YOU? We'll get the story from the living rooms of sobbing, hysterical
relatives, and we'll tell why YOU should be paralyzed with helpless fear!" In
the last panel the TV is off, and Calvin's father is peacefully reading the
A letter from a cross-country truck driver: "I grew up on a farm, and we never
had a TV. I raised my son without a lot of TV. We played games, cards, read
books, went roller skating, biking, or worked in the garden. Hello, America:
there is life without television. There are SO many other things to do."
And all the way from Tasmania (TV penetrates everywhere, and so, slowly, does
resistance to TV): "As a bit of a TV addict, ... I have actually spent the last
two weeks TV-free, and have been surprised at how well I survived. Indeed, I
quite like life this way."
A New York Times column by Adam Hochschild bemoans the presence of TV in
airports and airplanes. Schools. Gas stations and shopping mall food courts.
Even subway platforms. On full time, mounted high, you can't even turn down
the volume. Says Hochschild: "Who is being served here? Travelers haven't
asked for the TVs. The sets are there because there's big money to be made
from the commercials they show." And he quotes an NBC executive: "Our mission
is to sell eyeballs to advertisers."
If your eyeballs have been captured, consider what they are conveying to your
mind. TV-Free America's newsletter reprints a column by John Krull, a reporter
for the Indianapolis Star and News, describing his experience on the best TV
available, public television. He was, for awhile, a weekly panelist commenting
on state news. Once the moderator threw a question to him, a question with
deep ramifications, and he took a few seconds to think through his answer. The
moderator began to squirm and signaled him to start talking. He blurted out
"something stupid and inconsequential."
During the next commercial break, the moderator leaned over to him and said,
"You've got to move faster. Don't think; just talk. TV goes much better that
Exactly. Don't think; just talk. Don't think; just watch. Says Krull, "Most
of us need a little time and distance before we really know what we think or
feel about an event. TV pushes us to react immediately, to go merely with our
William J. Bennett, speaking at the National Press Club, said. "The two
statistics I am trying to get together are the one that says the average
American adult has very little time to spend with his family ... [and the one]
that tells us the average American adult watches 21 hours of television a week.
Now it seems to me that if it's as easy as that, we can just ... turn off the
TV .. and check the homework or something."
The American Academy of Pediatrics is supporting TV-Turnoff Week. The American
Medical Association sent out TV-Turnoff posters to 20,000 school principals.
Twenty-four state governors have endorsed the idea. Thousands of schools will
We all know that TV is full of violence and sexual innuendo. It's insultingly
mindless. It keeps our bodies motionless for hours at a time. It brainwashes
us with desire for products we would otherwise never need. It portrays a
distorted world, where people are far more shallow, vengeful, materialistic,
and untrustworthy than the people around us really are. It teaches our
children terrible lessons about how they should look and behave. It eats up our
time and lives.
So why put up with it? Swear off the plug-in drug for a week -- any week.
Make your own music, play your own ball games, find the humor in your own
sitcom, meet your family and neighbors. Read the news, read a book, read to
your kids. Remove yourself from the manipulation of those who believe in
talking, not thinking, and who think your eyeballs and your mind are for sale.
Enjoy a week of your own life. Or longer.
If you'd like to support TV-Free America, the address is 1611 Connecticut
Avenue NW, Suite 3A, Washington DC 20009. The phone number is 202-887-0436.
(Donella H. Meadows is an adjunct professor of environmental studies at
|+ - ||Meghivo: Kornyezetvedelmi Internet Muhely (Fold Napja) (mind)
KORNYEZETVEDELMI INTERNET MUHELY
Kedves Munkatarsak, Szakemberek, Zoldmozgalmi resztvevok!
Ezuton szeretnenk felhivni figyelmuket az 1997-es evre tervezett
Kornyezetvedelmi Internet Muhelyeink kovetkezo rendezvenyere. Ezeket a
muhelyeket kozpontunk a kornyezettudomanyi korok, a zoldmozgalom, illetve
a "zoldipar" kozotti szakmai es emberi kapcsolatok fejlesztese celjabol, a
szamitastechnika - ezenbelul pedig kulonoskeppen az Internet
-igenybevetelevel, a resztvevok szamara dijmentesen rendezi.
Helyszin: C3: Kulturalis es Kommunikacios Kozpont
Budapest, I ker., Orszaghaz utca 9.
> Idopont: 1997 aprilis 22., 9:00 - 16:00
> Temakor: Ne'mi sekely megemlekezesen kivul, mi mast tehetunk a Fold
Program: 9:00 - 9:55 Forum: "Megemlekezes" a Fold Napjarol
10:00 - 10:55 Penzszerzes az Interneten - "zold"
forrasok felkutatasa, palyazati lehetosegek
11:00 - 12:00 Magyar Internet - hogyan tovabb?
12:00 - 13:00 Ebedszunet
13:00 - 16:00 Szabad bongeszes az Interneten,
A tanfolyamhoz elegendoek csupan alapfoku szamitogepes ismeretek is.
Angoltudas ugyszinten nem szukseges, bar hasznos, es nehany kulcsszo
megjegyzese pedig valoszinuleg elengedhetetlen.
A szunetekben kave, udito, s nemi "biofinomsag" varja majd a resztvevoket.
Ebedszunetet a resztvevok a szabad bongeszes alatt, tetszes szerint
tartanak, ebedrol mindenki sajat maga gondoskodik.
Egyuttal szeretnenk ertesiteni az ev elso hat honapjara szolo tovabbi
terveinkrol is. Ezzel kapcsolatban meg mindig szivesen fogadunk
hozzaszolast, javaslatot, esetleg segitseget is. Az alapkoncepcio, hogy
havonta, pontosabban: aprilis 22-n (a Fold Napjan), majus 26-an es junius
23-an, kulonbozo, kornyezettel kapcsolatos temakban muhelyeket szervezunk.
majus 26.: Kornyezetvedelmi Muhely tanarok, kozepiskolas diakok
reszere az oktatasban kiepitendo halozatokrol
junius 23.: Kornyezetvedelmi Muhely szakemberek, NGO-k es egyetemi
kutatok reszere a terinformatika, vagy GIS (Geographic
Information Systems) felhasznalasarol az Interneten.
Kerjuk, hogy a mellekelt kerdoivet kitoltve a fenti fax szamra, vagy pedig
e-mailen >), mielobb kuldjek vissza.
Bucsuzoul szeretnem megkoszonni az elmult (marcius 3-ai) Kornyezetvedelmi
Muhely resztvevoinek a kozremukodest s a kerdoivekben tett javaslataikat,
amelyek rendkivul hasznosak voltak szamunkra, es kulon koszonet Nyvelt
Erik kollegamnak a Muhely soran tett szamos faradozasaert.
C3 kornyezetvedelmi koordinator
Center for Culture & Communication
Kulturalis es Kommunikacios Kozpont
h t t p : // w w w . c 3 . h u
Soros Foundation Hungary / Soros Alapitvany
Orszaghaz utca 9, Budapest 1014
Pf. 419 Budapest H-1537
Tel. 36.1/ 214-6856
Fax 36.1/ 214-6872
Vallalat / szervezet / egyetem neve:_________________________________
Az aprilis 22.-i muhelyen ott leszek.
nem leszek ott.
Eddigi Internet tapasztalatom: