Gullivernek kuldom a kert cikket a New york Times-bol:
December 12, 1997
AT HOME ABROAD / By ANTHONY LEWIS
'Now We Are Ashamed'
Attila Hegyi, a 26-year-old Hungarian, arrived at Kennedy
Airport in New York on the afternoon of Sept. 6. He had a visitor's
visa, issued at the U.S. Embassy in Budapest, but he was not admitted.
Instead he found himself badgered into signing documents he did not
understand, then sent back to Hungary and barred from the United
for five years -- without explanation.
What happened to Mr. Hegyi is a concrete example of what the 1996
Immigration Act blandly calls "expedited removal." The account that
follows is taken from statements sworn by Mr. Hegyi before the U.S.
Consul General in Budapest.
An I.N.S. officer questioned Mr. Hegyi at length about visits he made
1994-95 and 1996-97.
On the first of the earlier visits Mr. Hegyi overstayed his visa by
three months. He was nevertheless given a visa for the next visit, and
an extension to that. The officer was skeptical about the extension
could not seem to find a record of it in his computer.
The first hour and a half or two of the interrogation was in English,
which Mr. Hegyi speaks badly and has trouble understanding. Then,
suddenly, the officer began speaking in Hungarian. After two more
he said his name was Doczy.
Mr. Hegyi has an arthritic condition that causes severe pain. When he
asked if he could sit down, officer Doczy replied, "Don't screw around
with me, because I'm working hard, too. O.K., you want to sit down,
can sit on your ass." He handcuffed Mr. Hegyi's ankle to a bench. When
Mr. Hegyi said he was hungry, the officer gave him nothing to eat but
went off for dinner himself.
When officer Doczy returned, he asked Mr. Hegyi to sign a document
he said was a record of his questions and Mr. Hegyi's answers. Mr.
Hegyi's sworn statement says:
"I [told him] that although I spoke a little English, I had no idea
he had written. . . . I also told him I was tired. It was between 10
11 P.M., although as I had flown in from Hungary that day it felt much
later to me. Doczy then threw his pencil down on his desk and said,
you don't sign this, we won't be able to decide your future. If you
sign, I'll go to my boss and we'll reach a speedy conclusion.' "
Mr. Hegyi signed the document -- and some others that officer Doczy
produced. "At about midnight," he says, "two guards came and took me
of the room. That is when Doczy said the papers I had signed barred me
from entering the U.S. for five years. He did not tell me why this
decision had been reached."
For the rest of the night he was handcuffed to a backless bench. In
pain, he asked the guards to be put on one with a back. They refused.
6 A.M. he was given coffee and a roll, his first food in 18 hours.
He had brought some gifts with him for his intended hosts, Judy and
Tibor Horvath. They were taken from his luggage, he says, and never
What happened to Mr. Hegyi leaves aching questions. It may be that
officer Doczy thought his long stays in the last few years showed an
intention to live here. But why should someone with a duly issued
States visa be barred in such a summary way, with no real chance for
to appreciate what is going on? Is it I.N.S. policy to have officers
badger someone into signing documents that he does not fully
A lawsuit now before the courts contends that the new law's "expedited
removal" process was designed for people who reach our borders with
fraudulent travel documents or none at all, not those with visas. In
event, someone thus excluded should surely be given a reason.
Beyond law and policy, there is a question of American values. That
the point seen by Tibor Horvath, who had expected Mr. Hegyi as a
"I was born in Hungary," Mr. Horvath said, "where I lived under Nazism
as a small child and later Communism. I fought against the Communists
the 1956 revolution, and shortly after the Soviet tanks rolled in,
escaped. . . . I came to the U.S.A., worked hard and proudly became a
citizen. Until now my wife, who was born here, and I have been telling
friends and relatives in Hungary what a great country this is, where
civil liberties are respected. Now we are ashamed."